Paul Harris, Rotary Founder.
Rotary is one of the very first and large international social service organizations, whose stated purpose is to bring together business and professional leaders in order to provide humanitarian services, encourage high ethical standards in all vocations, and to advance goodwill and peace around the world.
Members of Rotary Clubs are called Rotarians. They are volunteers and guided by the Rotary International motto - Service Above Self. They work locally, regionally and internationally to address hunger, improve health, provide education and training opportunities, strengthen peace and eradicate polio.
Below are some important historical facts related to Rotary:
Year 1905 – attorney Paul Harris has organized the first Rotary meeting on February 23 in Chicago. Shortly after this meeting the first-ever Rotary club of Chicago was founded. The name Rotary comes from the early practices of rotating (moving around) meetings between club members' offices.
Year 1908 – The second rotary Club is organized in San Francisco and receives its symbol on November 12. Founding members Homer Wood Chester H. Woolsey, and Roy R. Rogers participate in the statutory Banquet. The members elected Homer Wood as their President, and he became known as Rotary's father on the Pacific coast.
Year 1912 – the first Rotary Club outside United States is organized in London.
Year 1921 – Rotary clubs have been organized on 6 continents. Rotary's popularity spread, and in 10 years new clubs appeared from San Francisco and New York to Winnipeg (Canada).
Year 1925 – Rotary International has grown to 20 clubs with more than 20,000 members.
Year 1939 – World war II tested Rotary's hope for peace. Rotary Clubs were closed in many countries around the World during this period; Rotarians organized the project Rotarian war victims support Fund..
Year 1979 – Rotary Foundation is sponsoring its first Health, Hunger, Humanity Grant: a project that vaccinated 6 million Filipino children against polio. This grant became the basis of the Rotary movement's struggle against this terrible disease, which paralyzes children in the first place.
Year 1985 – Rotarians announce a global program of immunization against polio - PolioPlus.
Year 1989 – The Legislative Council approved changes to the Rotary Constitution allowing women to join the Rotary movement. Hundreds of women throughout the United States have dedicated themselves to Rotary service. Rotary clubs in Budapest (Hungary) and Warsaw (Poland) reopened after a 50-year hiatus caused by World War II and the division of the world into opposing blocs.
Year 1990 - the first Rotary Club in the Soviet Union becomes the Rotary Club Moscow
Year 1994 - Western hemisphere is announced "polio free"
Year 1999 - Rotary Centers for international Peace and Conflict Resolution training programs have been established
Year 2001 - there is 30 000th Rotary Club being established
Year 2007 - The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is teaming up with Rotary International to fight polio by donating $100 million to PolioPLus program
Year 2009 - the Gates Foundation's contribution to the PolioPlus program rose to $ 355 million, to which Rotarians around the world added another $200 million
The organization has cemented its reputation among Presidents, Prime Ministers and a host of other celebrities, including writer Thomas Mann, diplomat Carlos R. Romulo, philanthropist Albert Schweitzer and composer Jan Sibelius.
Today Rotary is a global network of 1.2 million neighbors, friends, leaders, and problem-solvers who see a world where people unite and take action to create lasting change – across the globe, in our communities, and in ourselves.